Fad Diets, Diet, Weight Loss, Nutrition, Atkins, Atkins Diet, Fad Diet Reviews, Zone Diet, Atkins Diet, Sugar Busters Diet
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The Basic Premise
Begins with a 14-day Induction Diet in which daily carbohydrate intake cannot exceed 20 grams. After the initial Induction phase, you have to choose your Critical Carbohydrate Level for Losing based on your "metabolic resistance". Finally, you determine your Critical Carbohydrate Level for Maintenance once at your goal weight. Fat and protein intake is unlimited.

How A Person Can Lose Weight On This Diet
Calories eaten must be below calories needed to maintain weight (i.e., low calorie).
The higher fat and protein level of The Atkins Diet can provide more satiety with meals and snacks. High carbohydrate food portions and sweets are restricted, so blood sugar surges after a high carbohydrate meal or sweet do not occur. This also helps control appetite.

Special Concerns
  • People living with diabetes, if taking insulin, are at risk of becoming hypoglycemic if they do not eat appropriate carbohydrates.
  • People who exercise regularly are at risk for poor energy levels and muscle fatigue due to a low carbohydrate intake.
  • Individuals with existing liver or kidney disease may be at risk due to the unlimited protein intake.
  • The diet can also be problematic for people with heart disease due to the high intake of saturated fat.
  • High-protein diets are known to increase urinary calcium losses. This adds to the risk of osteoporosis, and is of special concern for women, teens and the elderly.
  • May aggravate existing gout, kidney stones, and gall bladder colic.

Alcohol Intake

Not allowed during the Induction diet. After the Induction phase, Atkins encourages individuals to refrain from alcohol while trying to lose weight but states if you must drink have wine or straight liquor.

Claims
  • A low-carbohydrate diet allows you to "eat as many or more calories as you were eating before starting the diet and still begin losing pounds and inches."
  • Sugar and refined carbohydrates are bad for your health, mental state, energy level, figure, sex life, career prospects, digestion, blood chemistry, and heart.
  • You can eat as much fat and protein as you would like and still lose weight.
  • "If you've been fat for very long, it's almost certain you have a disturbed carbohydrate metabolism."
  • You must significantly reduce dietary carbohydrate intake, thus causing the body to burn your stored fat for energy.
  • Insulin is the "single most significant determinant of your weight".

Pros

Recommends exercise in combination with diet for weight loss.
·Encourages individuals to get a medical evaluation before beginning the diet.

Cons
  • Unlimited consumption of cheese, meat, eggs.
  • Unbalanced, very limited food choices.
  • Advocates ketosis during induction phase, which can cause fatigue, headache, dizziness, insomnia, and irritability.
  • Can precipitate gout in people with high uric acid levels.
  • Pregnant and lactating women should not be in ketosis.

Truth

  • Research has shown that diets high in saturated fat can be detrimental to health and increase the risk for heart disease, obesity, and some cancers.
  • No one single food is "BAD" for your health, all foods can fit into a diet when eaten in moderation.
  • Dietary carbohydrate is important to preventing nutrition-related diseases.
  • A high-carbohydrate diet does not cause obesity; eating too many calories and a low level of physical activity does!
 
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